Criminal prosecutions falling in London, amid criticism over underfunded justice system

Fewer crimes are leading to prosecutions in London, amid warnings of a “crumbling” legal system.

Legal experts say a lack of police resources is leading to cases being shelved, following a fall in prosecutions across England and Wales.

New Ministry of Justice data shows that 207,123 offences reported by the Metropolitan Police end up in prosecution over in 2018 – 23% fewer than three years earlier.

Of those, 76,434 proceedings were summary motoring offences, such as speeding and driving whilst disqualified, down from 80,952 in 2015.

Summary offences are less serious, and are usually dealt with in Magistrates’ Courts.

A further 72,358 were summary non-motoring, such as TV license evasion and less serious criminal damage, compared to 110,655 in 2015.

Drug offences with 12,979 cases in 2018, compared to 15,395 three years previously.There Were 8,096 proceedings related to physical assaults, while a further 12,442 prosecutions were due to thefts.

Christina Blacklaws, president of the Law Society of England and Wales, said the statistics come as no surprise when the police, Crown Prosecution Service (CPS), courts and defence lawyers are so significantly under-resourced.

She said: “Our criminal justice system is crumbling, and it simply does not have the capacity to function effectively.

“Solicitors often report delays from the police in preparing and taking statements, and the CPS in reviewing evidence and deciding upon the charge.

“To deal with this problem, police forces are increasingly releasing suspects under investigation – often with no time limit to complete the investigation and bring the case to court.

“This means cases can be delayed for an indefinite period before going to trial if they do at all. We know in some cases, this has left both victims and the accused waiting for up to two years for an outcome.”

The number of individuals prosecuted or given an out-of-court disposal is the lowest since 1970 in England and Wales, with 1.59 million individuals dealt with in 2018 – 9% lower than in 2015.

Rick Muir, the director of the Police Foundation think tank said that budget cuts are behind the fall in case numbers.

He said: “If you have 20,000 fewer police officers today than in 2010-11, then fewer crimes will be solved and fewer will end up in court. Recorded crime has been increasing in recent years, so if the number of offences being tried in court is lower, that tells us that the police are clearing up fewer.”

In London, sexual offence cases were prosecuted 1,980 times, 1,294 fewer than three years earlier.

Mr Muir added: “Sexual crime takes longer to investigate than average because of its complexity, but this trend is also down to having fewer police officers.”

Commenting on the figures, a spokesman from the Ministry of Justice said: “Under this government the most serious offenders are more likely to go to prison, and for longer.

“Criminals are also being convicted at the highest rate for a decade, helping protect the public and keep communities safe.

“Sentencing is a matter for independent courts, who take into account the full facts of each case.”

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